WSRW repeats question to USTDA
WSRW and Defense Forum Foundation repeats question to the USTDA as to what is being done to prevent US funds from being used by the Moroccan government in Western Sahara.
Published: 04.11 - 2009 21:18Printer version    
The below letter was sent to the USTDA on 26 October 2009.[See also here in pdf]

The letter is a response to correspondence from USTDA to WSRW on 15 October 2009, which in turn came as a reponse to a letter from WSRW.

United States Trade and Development Agency
Att: Mr. Carl B. Kress,
Director, Middle East and North Africa Region
1000 Wilson Blvd., Suite 1600
Arlington, VA 22209

cc: Mr Paul Cecchini, USTDA

Chargé d’Affaires, Mr. Robert P. Jackson
Embassy of the United States of America
2 Avenue de Mohamed El Fassi
Rabat, Morocco

Melbourne/Washington, 26 October 2009

Regarding USTDA policy and practice on Western Sahara

Dear Mr. Kress

Thank you for your reply on 15 October 2009 to the letter we sent you on 4 June 2009.

Our deep concern, as we explained in our first letter, is that US development aid money could end up being used in supporting Moroccan industries on occupied land in Western Sahara, in violation of the USTDA’s and US administration’s own policy.

That is why we asked the question: “What measures is USTDA taking to make sure that the cold chain infrastructure projects that it will support are located in Morocco as it is internationally recognised, and not in Western Sahara?”

Your reply is that “The MCC’s Compact was developed, as are USTDA activities, in close cooperation with the Host Country to respond to their stated needs and objectives”. Since Western Sahara is not considered part of Morocco by the US administration, we interpret your letter to mean that projects are only taking place in Morocco proper.  However, since the "Host Country" currently occupies a substantial portion of Western Sahara, we want assurance that no United States funds (which come from the U.S. taxpayers) are being utilized inside or along the coast of the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara.  

Unfortunately, your letter did not answer our question. We are thus still looking forward to a reply as to what USTDA is doing to prevent US funds from being by the Moroccan government in Western Sahara.  

In addition, we would appreciate a clarification as to what measures are taken to make sure that the MCC projects as such are carried out in accordance with US policy.

The Defense Forum Foundation and Western Sahara Resource Watch believe it is politically controversial, ethically wrong, as well as in violation of international law to support the continued Moroccan presence in Western Sahara. We are hopeful that the USTDA program is ensuring that U.S. funds to support “development efforts” for Morocco are clearly making this distinction and not aiding the Moroccan government in their exploitation of the resources of Western Sahara.  For example, we are including a letter by former U.S. Trade Representative Robert Zoellick which was sent to Members of Congress regarding the Free Trade Agreement which clearly noted this distinction.  Also, enclosed is a copy of the United Nations legal opinion stating that it is illegal to take part in the exploitation of the resources of a territory without the consent of its people.

Please assure us that there has not been any official change in policy so that American citizens can know that their tax dollars are not fostering an illegal occupation by Morocco of the Western Sahara and the exploitation of their resources.

Please note that we took the liberty to publish your reply to us, as well this letter on

Yours sincerely,

Suzanne Scholte
President, Defense Forum Foundation
And chairwoman of US-Western Sahara Foundation

Cate Lewis
International Coordinator
Western Sahara Resource Watch

P O Box 164
Clifton Hill
Victoria 3068



Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
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