The Spanish farmers' association Coordinadora de Organizaciones de Agricultores y Ganaderos de Canarias, stated to Europa Press this month that the planned EU agricultural with Morocco is illegal, since it includes occupied Western Sahara.
“If ratifying the agreement as it is now, the Parliament will commit a violation of the law”, stated the COAG president, Rafael Hernández, to Europa Press, referring to the industry on the occupied territories.
A delegation from COAG has over the last days been working vis-à-vis the European Parliament’s Agriculture agreement to stop the agreement.
The lack of geographical scope of the drafted Agricultural Agreement has the same legal faults as the more mentioned fisheries agreement, which all independent institutions - such as the Legal Services of the European Parliament - have found to be illegal.
Over the last few years, Morocco has moved in thousands of more settlers to work on the tomato farms in the occupied territories. These illegal farms could through the EU-Morocco deal be put in competition with the European Union's own tomato producers.
The southern part of Western Sahara, where the tomato industry is mostly located, was first occupied by Mauritania. When Mauritania withdrew from the area in 1979, Morocco occupied it instead. The UN General Assembly reacted to the Moroccan extension of the occupation in Resolution 34/37: “Deeply deplores the aggravation of the situation resulting from the continued occupation of Western Sahara by Morocco and the extension of that occupation to the territory recently evacuated by Mauritania””, while paragraph 6 “Urges Morocco to join in the peace process and to terminate the occupation of the territory of Western Sahara”. Download resolution.
Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
It's not easy keeping up with all the different legal proceedings relating to Western Sahara. For the sake of clarity, here's an overview of the three different cases at the Court of Justice of the European Union.
Leading activists from Western Sahara are condemned to sentences ranging from 20 years to life imprisonment in connection to a mass protest in 2010 denouncing the Saharawi people’s social and economic marginalization in their occupied land; the Gdeim Izik protest camp.
At COP22, beware of what you read about Morocco’s renewable energy efforts. An increasing part of the projects take place in the occupied territory of Western Sahara and is used for mineral plunder, new WSRW report documents.