According to Dakhla news, the pilot whale was caught by a Russian trawler in the Western Saharan deep seas, mid-December. That corresponds to the time the Russian fleet returned to the waters of occupied Western Sahara, some 72 hours after signing a fish agreement with occupying power Morocco.
The pictures of the dolphins were taken about three months ago aboard fishing vessels of the RSW type (Refrigerated Seawater), according to the fishermen associations in Dakhla; Nawras, Al-Qindil and the Saharawi Seamen Association. These vessels, the Saharawi fishermen say, are used by the Moroccan fleet or by foreign fishing companies fishing under the Moroccan flag. The latter are primarily European companies, they claim.
Just one week ago, the Saharawi fishermen took to the local Delegation for Fisheries to protest the lack of respect for marine wildlife in their occupied country. They say that the inspectors appointed to ensure that fishermen stick to the terms set out in the fishing agreements or contracts, including clauses on protection of marine animals, do not do their job properly.
Morocco has signed up to the Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, the Mediterranean Sea and the Contiuous Atlantic Area (ACCOBAMS) in 1999. The Agreement aims to protect of cetaceans (which include species such as common dolphins and whales) and calls on its members to enforce legislation to prevent the deliberate taking of cetaceans in fisheries by vessels under their flag or within their jurisdiction, and to minimise incidental catches.
Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
It's not easy keeping up with all the different legal proceedings relating to Western Sahara. For the sake of clarity, here's an overview of the three different cases at the Court of Justice of the European Union.
Leading activists from Western Sahara are condemned to sentences ranging from 20 years to life imprisonment in connection to a mass protest in 2010 denouncing the Saharawi people’s social and economic marginalization in their occupied land; the Gdeim Izik protest camp.
At COP22, beware of what you read about Morocco’s renewable energy efforts. An increasing part of the projects take place in the occupied territory of Western Sahara and is used for mineral plunder, new WSRW report documents.