In early August 2017, the technology group announced it would supply a 22 MW baseload power plant to Morocco's state utility ONEE (Office National de l'Électricité et de l'Eau Potable). "The power plant consists of two Wärtsilä 46 engines, operating on heavy fuel oil with the capability to use light fuel oil as a back-up. This order is booked in the second quarter of 2017. The equipment will be delivered in early 2018, and the plant is expected to be fully operational in January 2019", Wärtsilä's press release reads.
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Dakhla is a coastal town in the southern part of Western Sahara, a stretch of land the size of the UK that the UN considers as the last unresolved colonial question in Africa. Since 1975, three-quarters of the territory have been military occupied by Morocco.
Morocco's national electricity agency ONEE exploits the site in Dakhla that is currently made up of 3 Wärtsilä power stations. The first plant was implemented in June 2002 and consisted of three Diesel groups of 7 MW each. The first extension was delivered in December 2010, comprising a group of 16.5 MW, and a second extension of 16.45 MW was installed in June 2015.
The construction of the new plant will thus increase production capacity in Dakhla from 54 MW to 76 MW. In its press release, Wärtsilä boasts it "will now have an installed base of 189 MW in Morocco, the total installed base in Africa being 6 GW".
In reality, Wärtsilä will have installed 112 MW in Morocco proper (in Tan Tan), and 76 MW in occupied Western Sahara, through a deal with the occupying regime.
Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
It's not easy keeping up with all the different legal proceedings relating to Western Sahara. For the sake of clarity, here's an overview of the three different cases at the Court of Justice of the European Union.
Leading activists from Western Sahara are condemned to sentences ranging from 20 years to life imprisonment in connection to a mass protest in 2010 denouncing the Saharawi people’s social and economic marginalization in their occupied land; the Gdeim Izik protest camp.
At COP22, beware of what you read about Morocco’s renewable energy efforts. An increasing part of the projects take place in the occupied territory of Western Sahara and is used for mineral plunder, new WSRW report documents.