European Parliament delays ratification agri-agreement with Morocco

On Monday, the European Parliament's committee for International Trade decided to delay the ratification-process of the EU-Moroccan agricultural agreement due to legal ambiguities.

Published 31 May 2021

The decision to postpone follows a legal opinion by the Parliament’s lawyers, questioning the agreement's unclear impact on the people of Western Sahara. 

More specifically, the legal services raised concern on the fact that it is not clear “whether and how the proposed Agreement will be applied to the territories of Western Sahara and how it will actually benefit the local people”. It is also unclear “whether the further liberalisation of those goods is in accordance with the wishes and interests of the people of Western Sahara”.

"Under these circumstances, it seems appropriate to clarify these questions with the Commission before taking a position on the consent to the conclusion of the proposed Agreement", the opinion concluded.

José Bové, the rapporteur appointed by the international trade committee, has announced he will not draft his report until the European Commission clears up these legal issues. 

According to a UN Legal Opinion, any economic activity in the Non-Self Governing Territory of Western Sahara requires prior consent of the people of the territory. To date, the EU has not consulted the Saharawi people on any trade agreement with Morocco covering Western Sahara's abundant natural resources.

Both the USA and the EFTA states have specifically excluded Western Sahara from the scope of their free trade agreements with Morocco. 

The agreement, which foresees an increased liberalisation of EU imports from Morocco, faces heavy opposition from Southern European agricultural organisations. Especially European tomato-producers fear they will be outcompeted by Morocco’s cheaper exports. An increasing percentage of tomatoes labelled as Moroccan, are grown illegally in the occupied territories of Western Sahara.

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