50,000 tonnes of liquified gas arrived in occupied Western Sahara last year, according to our first overview of this key trade.
In order to uphold key infrastrucure and industries for its occupation, such as the large fisheries sector, Morocco needs to import gas into the part of Western Sahara it has illegally annexed.
This gas comes into the territory on board of tanker ships specifically made to transport liquified gas - so-called LPG tankers.
For the first time, Western Sahara Resource Watch presents a detailed overview of such shipments into Western Sahara. Our surveillance of shipment traffic shows that during the calendar year of 2019, a total of 15 cargos arrived at the port of El Aaiún. The combined deadweight tonnage of the 15 shipments was 50,322 tonnes.
The gas is primarily imported from terminals in Spain. The overview below only shows the last port of each vessel involved. In other words, our overview does not reflect the actual origin of the gas. Morocco does not produce gas itself, and the gas that was transported from a Moroccan port - or onboard a ship that had Morocco as its latest port - must naturally have originated elsewhere.
The 10 butane tankers involved in the 15 shipments are Belgravia, Emmanuel, Epic Bali, Epic Bermuda, Epic Boracay, Epic Borneo, Epic St.Ivan, Epic St.Thomas, Knebworth and PGC Patreas, sailing under Singapore, Malta and Panama flags.
If taking into account an average price of propane gas, shown on Index Mundi at 0,54 USD/gallon for 2019, the gas offloaded in the harbour of El Aaiún last year had a total value of US $14.2 million.
In 2014, WSRW authored the report Fuelling the occupation on the Swedish company Wisby Tankers' transports of petroleum products into the occupied territory.
The overview below can also be downloaded here.
Siemens Gamesa, Siemens Energy and Enel Spa have been excluded by Norwegian asset manager Storebrand for contributing to violations of international law in occupied Western Sahara.
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The following overview enlists stock-exchange registered companies currently operating in Western Sahara. Updated 5 October 2020.