All due diligence alarm bells should ring before any company considers bidding for a Moroccan tender inviting for evaluation of the petroleum potential offshore occupied Western Sahara.
The Moroccan government has issued a tender for the "Geochemical modeling and play fairway analysis on the Moroccan Atlantic Margin from Tangier to Lagouira".
No mention is made that a large portion of the study will take place outside of Morocco's internationally recognised borders, in the waters off occupied Western Sahara.
The territory's coastline has been under foreign and illegal occupation by Morocco since the 1970s.
The tender consists of a desk study, in which the likely areas that could potentially host petroleum systems will be evaluated and mapped. Deadline to submit is 19 May 2022, and the work is to be completed during a period of 18 months.
The purpose of such a study is to establish a ranking of the zones according to their prospectivity. The study will summarise the data from wells that have been drilled so far, interpret collected seismic data, and produce maps that illustrate the different geological zones and possible reservoirs. The work will be done by the contracted company from the ONHYM offices in Rabat.
From the documents published by ONHYM, one company has seemingly showed an interest in the work, by submitting a question to the tender stating - in English: “Our company expertise comprises the geochemical interpretation and petroleum systems modelling-analysis part of the work, but not the seismic interpretation and seismic attributes. We are assuming that ONHYM accepts proposals involving the collaboration of 2 or more companies, but could you please confirm thus to us?”.
The identity of the company that submitted the question is not known.
The most recent seismic study undertaken in Western Sahara was a Russian-Chinese-UK operation in 2018. The only drilling operation ever undertaken in the waters adjacent to the occupied territory - by Kosmos Energy and Cairn Energy - led to widespread condemnation and divestment by owners.
"Western Sahara Resource Watch calls on all companies to not engage in any assessment of the petroleum potential in Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict has been found. Any oil exploration in Western Sahara taking place in violation of the wishes and the rights of the Saharawis, will only lead to a further entrenchment of the Moroccan position, and will undermine the talks for a solution to the conflict. Companies planning to take part in the plunder of Western Sahara's resources must consider the reputational cost", stated Erik Hagen of Western Sahara Resource Watch.
Further exploration of the hydrocarbons are in violation of international law as long as the people of Western Sahara do not consent to it. This was the main conclusion of a 2002 legal opinion of the United Nation's Legal Office on behalf of the UN Security Council.
Previously, a number of seismic services companies have been convinced by Morocco to take on assignments in Western Sahara, due to ONHYM's or the operators' failure to specify the real location of the blocks. Nearly all of the seismic survey companies that have worked in Western Sahara have since regretted their involvement:
Other companies have been alerted in time, and specifically avoided taking on such assignments: "We have on several occasions previously refused to carry out seismic explorations in Western Sahara", PGS, 2009.
The Australian company confirms to undertake a pipeline study through Western Sahara, four months after WSRW contacted the company over the matter.
The following overview enlists stock-exchange registered companies currently operating in Western Sahara. Updated 23 May 2022.
The company defended its controversial operations during the AGM on 12 May.
In the middle of Moroccan-Spanish maritime disputes offshore Western Sahara, Morocco is lobbying for a defender of the occupation of Western Sahara to sit at an important UN scientific body for maritime continental boundaries.