Lithuania is involved in illegal fishing activities in the territorial waters of occupied Western Sahara. Furthermore, the company Lifosa, located in Kedainiai, is a major importer of Western Saharan phosphates.
This fertilizer-producer from Kedainiai has received shipments of phosphates stemming from the Bou Craa mines (occupied Western Sahara) during 2008, 2009 and 2010.
Lithuanian vessels fishing offshore occupied land
In April 2008, the European Commission provided data on the European fishing under the controversial EU-Moroccan Fisheries Agreement. Due to the vague definition of the territorial applicability of this agreement, it is entirely up to Morocco to determine whether or not fishing takes place in the territory it illegally occupies: Western Sahara. Lithuania was one of the countries active in the occupied waters of Afrika’s last colony.
As former UN Legal Counsel, Ambassador Hans Corell, stated “ it is obvious that an agreement…that does not make a distinction between the waters adjacent to Western Sahara and the waters adjacent to the territory of Morocco would violate international law". Corell added: "As a European I feel embarrassed". Read his entire statement here.
Read more: EU Commission admits fishing in occupied Western Sahara Ex UN Legal Counsel declares EU-Morocco fisheries agreement illegal
Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
It's not easy keeping up with all the different legal proceedings relating to Western Sahara. For the sake of clarity, here's an overview of the five different cases at the Court of Justice of the European Union.
Leading activists from Western Sahara are condemned to sentences ranging from 20 years to life imprisonment in connection to a mass protest in 2010 denouncing the Saharawi people’s social and economic marginalization in their occupied land; the Gdeim Izik protest camp.
At COP22, beware of what you read about Morocco’s renewable energy efforts. An increasing part of the projects take place in the occupied territory of Western Sahara and is used for mineral plunder, new WSRW report documents.